MATERIALS NEEDED12X18 White Sulphite Paper
Paper Plate for Large Palette
Tempera Paints - White, Black, Blue (or color you will be using)
Black Permanent Marker
Color Wheel with tints, tones, shades (optional)
AGE GROUP & GOALSGrades 4-6
2 Class Periods
Learning how to make color values, landscapes, and include pattern design
ART WORDS USEDLine, contour, organic, shape, color, warm colors, cool colors, tints, tones, shades, gradient, value, hue, horizon, landscape, foreground, middle ground, background, perspective, depth of field, pattern
First, have the students design their landscape contour line drawing, with at least 5 "layers" of landscape features. Show examples of different landscape formation shapes and discuss the concepts of landscape drawing using foreground, middle ground and background and horizon line. This is also a great lesson to show the students how things get lighter in color as they are farther away. A color wheel (with tints, shades and tones) to show overhead or pass around the class would be a great addition.
One the students have their simple line drawing complete, have them choose their main tempera color. They will count how many "layers" there are in their design and make that many different tints and shades and tones, including their original paint color.
Demonstrate this part first - starting in the center of their plate have them make a quarter sized dollop of original paint. Then have them make the corresponding amount of dollops around their plate. The original paint color will be one of their middle layers on their drawing. However many layers they have above the original color will become tints and the students will add white to those dollops - more white equals a lighter tint. However many layers they have below the original color layer will be shades (or tones if you'd like to delve into grays). Those dollops will have SMALL drops of black paint added to them.
Caution the students on how quickly black can "GO WRONG" if added with a heavy hand. That is why we start with small dollops of paint, the dollops will increase in size as we add the black and white. They can start mixing their paint, starting with the tints. Each student should have a paper towel to dry wipe their brush in between color mixing and painting. No need to have water at the tables. It should only be needed for clean-up.
The students can start at either end of their drawing, working from tints to shades or vice versa, just encourage good brush wiping. Tempera paint is fairly forgiving with it's blending, but they want to keep definite contrast between their mixed tints and shades. They will complete the painting of each layer before wiping their brush and moving on to the next layer.
If they would like to add some clouds or some top layer element with white, they may do so.
The paintings will dry quickly and next session they can add the permanent marker.
The first step will be to outline each landscape layer. It is fine for some layers to be the same shade but have a line dividing the "mountains" or "hills" in that particular layer. It will make for more fun patterns to be able to include in the next step.
Again, you could show some simple design pattern examples or have the kids generate their own pattern ideas and share some of them on a white board. Some zentangles, though more detailed than desired for this lesson, would be fun to show the students. However, you do want to stress that the color value layers still need to show through the pattern design, or they will lose the effect of the value range of their landscape. So simple designs with less solid lines and shapes are the most desired patterns for this lesson.
When they get to the sky and/or clouds, encourage then to continue with their patterns, still making sure not to overwhelm the lightest part of their painting.
And there we have it - our value landscape study with added pattern design for older grades!